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Realising the rights of young children: progress and challenges

Publication date: 11/2009
Author: Various
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 113
Realising the rights of young children: progress and challengesMarking 20 years of UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, this issue of ECM looks at various aspects of how child rights are being realised. It starts with a look at General Comment 7 on implementing child rights in early childhood and an interview with Lothar Krappmann, the Rapporteur of the Committee on the Rights of the Child. Additional articles include contributions from child-focused organisations in India and Brazil, and discussions about child rights in relation to Roma children, the challenges of implementing child rights in emergency situations, the “forgotten article” regarding the right to play, improving child-friendliness of urban environments, improving the education of key professionals, and the development of indicators.
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Family stress: Safeguarding young children’s care environment

Publication date: 06/2009
Author: Various
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 112
Family stress: Safeguarding young children's care environmentWhen parents and caregivers lose the sense that they control their own lives, it becomes extremely difficult for them to create an environment that shields their children from insecurity. This edition of ECM asks what are the most effective ways of dealing with and diminishing parental stress, and what are the factors that contribute to children’s resilience and coping mechanisms in challenging care environments in particular contexts. It includes an conceptual overview by Ted Wachs, an interview with Professor James Heckman, and insights from countries including Mexico, South Africa and Bulgaria.
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Enhancing a sense of belonging in the early years

Publication date: 12/2008
Author: Various
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 111
Enhancing a sense of belonging in the early yearsWe invite our readers to reflect on how the theme of a sense of belonging relates to young children. After a conceptual overview by Martin Woodhead and Liz Brooker which philosophically roots the subject firmly in the Convention on the Rights of the Child, this edition of ECM goes on to include contributions from the field in Israel, Germany, Turkey, the Netherlands, Mexico, Lebanon and Australia, together with an interview with Cameroonian academic A Bame Nsamenang and reflections on promoting a sense of belonging in the especially challenging circumstances of conflict zones and refugee camps.
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Early childhood education: questions of quality

Publication date: 06/2008
Author: Various
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 110
Early childhood education: questions of qualityThis edition of Early Childhood Matters seeks to focus attention on how quality early childhood programmes can lay the foundations for quality primary education. Among the articles there is an overview of the complex topic of ?quality? in early childhood education, an interview with a specialist in basic education for children that highlights the importance of respect for the right to education, and a look at Innocenti Research Centre?s Report Card 8, which suggests benchmarks for measuring the quality of early childhood education and care services in the OECD countries. Examples from ECD work come from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Peru, Tanzania, Brazil and India.
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Strengthening the young child’s care environment

Publication date: 11/2007
Author: Various
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 109
Strengthening the young child's care environmentThis edition of Early Childhood Matters is devoted to the Foundation?s issue area ?Strengthening the care environment?. It lays out the foundation’s thinking on both the ?near environment? of parents, caregivers and teachers and the ?further environment? of systems, policies and public opinion. Emphasising the importance of taking a holistic approach to young children’s development, it includes contributions from CARE USA and Right to Play along with views from Guatemala, Thailand, Jamaica, Uganda and Colombia.
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Promoting social inclusion and respect for diversity in the early years

Publication date: 06/2007
Author: Various
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 108
Promoting social inclusion and respect for diversity in the early yearsThis issue of ECM takes a close look at one of the three new programme areas guiding the foundation’s work: Social inclusion and respect for diversity. It includes contributions from Michel Vandenbroek, Martha Friendly, Jeanette Rhedding-Jones and Paul Connolly, and an interview with Martha Nussbaum. It deals with issues ranging from immigrant parents to indigenous communities, and includes insights from Albania, Nepal, Israel and Northern Ireland.
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Transitions in the early years

Publication date: 11/2006
Author: Various
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 107
Transitions in the early yearsThis 68-page edition of the foundation’s biannual journal is timed to coincide with the publication of the EFA Global Monitoring Report on early childhood, of which it contains a summary. Other articles include the foundation’s framework for its issue area Successful transitions: The continuum from home to school, and an interview with John Bennett, who coordinated the OECD’s Starting Strong reviews. There are contributions from the field from Mississippi, India, Uganda, Guatemala, Poland, Brazil and Israel.
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Violence against young children: A painful issue

Publication date: 08/2006
Author: Various
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 106
Violence against young children: A painful issueThis edition of ECM looks at the issue of violence against young children. It includes an interview with Jaap Doek, chair of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, and contributions from Bulgaria, Ethiopia, El Salvador, Colombia, Kenya and Jamaica. Issues covered include corporal punishment, abuse in the home and violence in schools.
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Children without parental care: Qualitative alternatives

Publication date: 02/2006
Author: Nigel Cantwell (Ed.)
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 105
Children without parental care: Qualitative alternativesA growing number of children around the world are currently orphaned or otherwise growing up without parents, through violence, HIV/AIDS, poverty, and natural or man-made disasters. In this issue of Early Childhood Matters we point to the lack of clear guidelines for providing adequate care for these children, and we give suggestions on how to improve existing mechanisms.
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Responses to young children in post-emergency situations

Publication date: 10/2005
Author: Margaret McCallin (editor)
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 104
Responses to young children in post-emergency situationsArticles on topics including early childhood development in emergency situations, addressing the rights and needs of tsunami-affected children, rapid child protection assessments in emergency contexts, the impact of conflict on children and care for separated children. Joint production with the International Catholic Child Bureau.
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Young children’s participation: Rhetoric or growing reality?

Publication date: 01/2004
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 103
Young children's participation: Rhetoric or growing reality?Young children’s participation: Rhetoric or growing reality? raises the importance of providing participative environments to children in which they can express themselves readily, knowing they will be listened to. It presents an overview of current thinking at an international level on how young children can effectively play a role in programming and in decisions that affect their lives.
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Critical thinking

Publication date: 01/2004
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 102
Critical thinkingThe ability to think critically is widely fostered as part of the holistic development of young children. Activities that require children to engage in looking, understanding, reflecting, judging, and making choices will guide them through the many dilemmas, decisions and choices they will have to face in life.
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ECD in changing rural realities

Publication date: 01/2003
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 101
ECD in changing rural realitiesThis edition contains a selection of the articles produced by participants at a meeting in Alcázar do Sal, Portugal, in December 2002. Twelve participants from Foundation-supported projects in four Latin American countries (Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela) and four European countries (Scotland, Spain, France and Portugal) identified and reflected on a broad spectrum of themes and problems around growing up in these two rural environments, analysed the new rural challenges and related them to the work of their own ecd projects. They explored the important contextual realities of the environments in which they operate; explained the conceptual frameworks that underpin the responses that they have devised and put into practice; and identified a number of significant themes for programming.
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Following footsteps: ECD tracer studies

Publication date: 01/2002
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 100
Following footsteps: ECD tracer studiesAre children different at the age of 10 if they took part in a programme at the age of 4 or 5? Does a 12-year old benefit because his mother was in a parenting programme when she was an adolescent? Do people really change because they were trained in giving care in an early child development programme? This edition is based on tracer studies that have followed the ‘footsteps’ of children, adolescents, parents and others to find out what has happened to them five or more years after they participated in an early childhood development programme. The articles include descriptions of methods, findings from the studies, and discussions on ways in which they can be used.
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Effectiveness Initiative: First fruits

Publication date: 01/2001
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 99
Effectiveness Initiative: First fruitsHow have programmes that are aimed at the social inclusion of young children responded to realities? This edition looks for, describes and analyses ten projects across the world. Teams of investigators – specialists within international agencies as well as people from early childhood development programmes – explore how the needs of children and their families are met in different contexts. It shows the evolution of this process with examples of how distinct understandings have been generated.
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The Convention on the Rights of the Child and young children

Publication date: 01/2001
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 98
The Convention on the Rights of the Child and young childrenThis edition provides arguments, examples of work at all levels, and analyses to contribute to the discussions that are needed to elevate the Convention on the Rights of the Child to its rightful place in early childhood programming as key strategy in realising the aspirations of the Convention.
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Fathers matter too

Publication date: 01/2001
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 97
Fathers matter tooFathering has emerged as a key focus for effective work with young children. This issue offers an overview of how and why fathering has obtained this prominent focus. It draws out the key issues in fathering and discusses how these are understood and acted on. It offers a survey of what is being done, strategically and via direct work, to support fathers as they move towards the parenting roles that they and their families, cultures and societies determine that they should have.
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Parents and ECD programmes

Publication date: 04/2000
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 95
Parents and ECD programmesIn a discussion about parental involvement it is important to keep in mind that children depend on the love, care and security that those in parenting roles most naturally provide. This edition explores the question of where and to what extent do and should parents fit into ecd programmes. It reflects on practice around such topics as what roles do parents have and why. What helps to determine these roles? How and under what circumstances do parents complement, support – even take over – roles that are often earmarked for trained child development workers? How is their participation viewed by other stakeholders; how is it fostered; how is it constrained?
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Listening to children

Publication date: 01/2000
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 94
Listening to childrenThis edition focuses on participation by children of 0-7 years in the conceptualisation, implementation and evaluation of early childhood development programmes. Articles show how adults are taking the crucial steps in developing that participation: establishing environments and practices that enable young children to express themselves confidently and fully, and to develop some experiences in participation.
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The Effectiveness Initiative

Publication date: 08/1999
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 93
The Effectiveness InitiativeThis is a joint publication with the Consultative Group on Early Childhood Care and Development, introducing the Effectiveness Initiative, a three-year investigation by the Foundation and partner organisations into what makes an effective project work.
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Policy and decision makers: Translating effective ECD

Publication date: 04/1999
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 92
Policy and decision makers: Translating effective ECDThis edition shows how people in the field and their agencies – at international, governmental, regional and country level – try to be effective to have a positive influence on the lives of young children.
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Real engagement by children

Publication date: 01/1999
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 91
Real engagement by childrenThe Effectiveness Initiative is a major new project undertaken by the Foundation and a number of partner organisations to study effectiveness in early childhood development programmes. This edition reviews ideas and programmes of work that seek the views of children and that value children as contributors to, and participants in, all aspects of early childhood development.
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Culturally or contextually appropriate?

Publication date: 08/1998
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 90
Culturally or contextually appropriate?This edition is centred on an analysis of culturally relevant approaches in early childhood development recently undertaken by the Foundation. The objective was to learn from the accumulated experiences of 11 projects. One aim was to explore how projects that work in culturally appropriate ways can pay special attention in their work with children and parents to factors such as language, cultural norms, childrearing practices and family relationships. The second aim was to highlight the ways in which projects working in different contexts handle relationships between cultures.
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Culturally appropriate approaches in early childhood development

Publication date: 04/1998
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 89
Culturally appropriate approaches in early childhood developmentThis edition presents a variety of perspectives and insights into an area that is of interest to many people in the field of early childhood – culturally appropriate approaches to development work with young children, their families and their communities. The contributors range from practitioners in a variety of early childhood projects to a Turkish father building a life with his family in a new country to an applied anthropologist who has advised the Israeli government on the absorption of immigrants from the Caucasus and Central Asia.
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Effectiveness in early childhood development

Publication date: 01/1998
Series: Early Childhood Matters No 88
Effectiveness in early childhood developmentEffectiveness is of paramount importance to all who are involved in development. In early childhood development, for example, we might ask whether it is effective to work with young children at all, and we can try to identify the sorts of benefits that result and for whom. We should also ask ourselves if we are effective in supporting work with young children: do we choose the most appropriate projects to support? And, if so, what is it that makes these projects appropriate?
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